Orthodontist to Endodontist: Types of Different Dental Specialities

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While we are all familiar with a dentist, not many of us know who an orthodontist or a periodontist is. Different types of dentists have expertise in treating different dental conditions and different parts of your teeth, gums, jaw, and mouth.

Having a basic knowledge about the different types of dentists is important as it will save you a lot of time if you or your close ones need one of these dental specialists.

Here is a quick guide that will make you a pro at identifying the different types of dentists and whom to reach out to for different dental dilemmas.

Types of Dental Speciality

Besides the general dentist, whom you visit for routine clean-ups and primary dental problems, here are a few types of dental specialties and specialists that help you take care of your oral hygiene.

1. Periodontist

Periodontists are no one but your gum experts. They take care of your gums and ensure that you have strong gums. Typically, while a general dentist will help you prevent gum diseases, a periodontist will help to treat early as well as progressive stage gum diseases.

They might conduct minor surgery like gum grafts and pocket reduction procedures if required. Note that periodontists also install dental implants and work with dental crowns.

2. Endodontist

Endodontists are your root canal specialists. These are the type of dentists that are trained to deal with dental problems which affect the nerve, blood vessels, and the sensitive pulp inside the teeth.

Your general dentist might recommend you see an endodontist if there is decay around your tooth’s nerve and you need a root canal.

3. Pedodontist

Pedodontists or paediatric dentists are dentists who specialise in children’s dental treatment. Whether you are looking for a dentist for your infant or your teenager, pedodontists are the one’s you must reach out to.

4. Prosthodontist

Prosthodontists primarily repair your jaw and teeth bones. They are the ones you go to if you want to get teeth whitening or veneers done. Prosthodontists are your go-to doctors if you want to get dentures, crowns, and bridges installed or repaired.

5. Orthodontist

Orthodontists are a type of dentists who have expertise in teeth and jaw alignment. Whether you want to get traditional braces, wires, or retainers, they are your go-to dentists. Often also referred to as alignment specialists, you must see an orthodontist if you want your crossbite, crooked tooth, overbite, underbite, etc fixed.

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Types of Dental Specialities : FAQs

How do I know which type of dentistry I need?

Your general dentist can refer you to any of the dental specialists depending on your teeth problem.

How often should you visit your general dentist?

We recommend you visit your general dentist at least once or twice a year to ensure that your overall oral hygiene is satisfactory.

Which dentists to see for dental emergencies?

For common dental emergencies like tooth abscess, chipped teeth, or tooth filling coming out, you must always first see your general dentist before reaching out to any of the other dental specialists.

What type of dentist is best for a root canal?

While your general dentist is qualified to perform a root canal, he or she might recommend you see an endodontist if your dental problem is more severe. This is because an endodontist specialises in treating dental problems that affect the nerve of your teeth.

What do oral pathologists do?

Oral pathologists or oral surgeons specialise in performing oral surgeries and treating oral diseases of the teeth and jaw. Some of the common treatments that oral pathologists work on include misaligned jaws, oral reconstruction, cancers of the mouth, etc.

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