Oral Lichen Planus: Everything You Should Know About This Oral Condition

lichen planus therapy

We often tend to sideline our oral health and ignore glaring signs of oral issues till they are almost too painful to handle. One of these issues has to be oral lichen planus, an oral inflammatory condition that is commonly caused in more women than men. But what is this condition and how can you prevent it? Read this article to find out!

What is Oral Lichen Planus?

Lichen Planus is an inflammatory condition that affects the skin, hair and even nails. Similarly, its oral counterpart, oral lichen planus, is a chronic inflammatory condition that causes discomfort and alters the appearance of your mouth’s interior. It affects the mucous membranes and causes a burning sensation and inflamed gums. While it might sound a bit intimidating, understanding it is your first step to managing it effectively. So, stick with us as we break down the causes, symptoms, and all additional information you need about this oral condition to help keep your healthy smile safe.

Causes of Oral Lichen Planus

Understanding the causes can be a big step in managing this condition. Here are some potential triggers:

  • Stress: High levels of stress can sometimes be linked to outbreaks.
  • Hepatitis C infection: There is a known association between the virus and lichen planus.
  • Allergic reactions: Reactions to certain medications, dental materials, or foods might trigger it.
  • Genetics: A family history of the condition can be a potential cause.
  • Autoimmune response: Sometimes, the body’s immune system attacks cells of the oral mucous membranes mistakenly.

Symptoms of Oral Lichen Planus

Recognizing the symptoms early on can help in seeking timely intervention. Here are the common signs:

  • White, lacy patches in the mouth that might look slightly raised.
  • Red, swollen tissues in the oral cavity.
  • Burning sensation or soreness in the mouth.
  • Painful ulcers that come and go.
  • Dry mouth and difficulty in swallowing.

Oral Lichen Planus Treatment

Your healthcare provider might recommend lichen planus medications such as corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and discomfort. You may be prescribed antihistamines to manage allergic reactions associated with oral lichen planus. It is essential to maintain impeccable oral hygiene to prevent secondary infections. Refrain from self-medicating if you feel any of the above-mentioned symptoms and head to your nearest dentist to have your mouth checked first!

And as a preventative measure, ensure that you invest in your oral hygiene by adding best oral care products to your routine. Our pick? The toothsi electro is a modern, highly effective electric toothbrush with soft nylon bristles, a comfortable round head and 4 speeds for excellent cleaning. And our makeO toothsi smart water flosser for hands-free, pain-free flossing anywhere, anytime.

Complications Caused by Oral Lichen Planus

Being aware of the potential complications can help in managing the condition better. Here are some complications you might encounter:

  • Dental issues: Due to painful ulcers and dry mouth, maintaining oral hygiene can become challenging, leading to dental problems.
  • Oral cancer: In rare cases, long-standing lichen planus oral cavity issues can lead to oral cancer.
  • Psychological stress: Dealing with chronic symptoms can lead to stress and anxiety.
  • Nutritional deficiencies: Difficulty in eating can sometimes lead to nutritional deficiencies.

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Oral lichen planus might seem like a roadblock in your journey to that perfect smile, but with the right knowledge and treatment, it doesn’t have to be. Understanding the different lichen planus types and seeking timely intervention can go a long way in maintaining your oral health.


What are the different lichen planus types affecting the oral cavity?

There are mainly three types: reticular, erosive, and atrophic, each presenting with different symptoms in the lichen planus oral cavity.

Can lichen planus medications completely cure the condition?

While there is no complete cure, lichen planus medications can effectively manage symptoms and reduce discomfort.

What is the role of diet in managing oral lichen planus?

Maintaining a balanced diet can help in managing symptoms and preventing nutritional deficiencies caused by the condition.

How can one differentiate between oral lichen planus and other oral infections?

Diagnosis involves a detailed examination by a healthcare provider, who might also recommend a biopsy to differentiate it from other conditions.

Remember, when in doubt, always consult with a healthcare provider to get the right guidance and treatment. Stay informed and keep smiling with makeO toothsi!

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