Bleeding Gums: Know Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

causes of bleeding gums

Picture this: you're enjoying a meal and suddenly, you notice a tinge of red in the sink as you brush your teeth. Bleeding gums can be quite alarming, but there is nothing to fret about! In this comprehensive guide, we will dive deeper into the subject of gum bleeding and understand its causes, symptoms, and bleeding gums treatment options. So, let's get started on our journey to a healthier smile!

What is Gum Bleeding?

Bleeding gums, medically known as gingival bleeding, is a common dental issue that results in the discharge of blood from the gums. It can occur during brushing, flossing or even spontaneously. While it might seem minor, it is essential to pay attention to gum bleeding, as it could be an early sign of more severe dental problems.

Causes of Bleeding Gums

1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is one of the most common cause of bleeding gums. It is an early stage of gum disease. Poor oral hygiene leads to the buildup of plaque in the mouth, which can irritate the gums, causing inflammation and bleeding.

2. Periodontitis

Gingivitis can progress to periodontitis if no medical attention is provided. Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease. In periodontitis, the infection spreads deeper into the gum and bone, leading to more extensive bleeding and potential tooth loss.

3. Vigorous brushing

Brushing too hard or using a toothbrush with hard bristles can harm the delicate gum tissue, leading to bleeding.

4. Dental appliances

Ill-fitted dentures, braces, or retainers can cause friction and irritation, which can be a reason for bleeding gums.

5. Certain medications

Some medications, like blood thinners, can also be one of the causes of bleeding gums.

6. Vitamin deficiency

Insufficient intake of vitamins C and K can weaken blood vessels in the gums, making them prone to bleeding.

Symptoms of gum bleeding

1. Redness and swelling

When you have gum bleeding, your gums will be swollen. Inflamed gums appear redder than usual and may also feel tender to the touch.

2. Bleeding during brushing or flossing

Bleeding while performing oral hygiene routines is a clear indicator of gum issues.

3. Bad breath

Persistent bad breath, despite regular oral care, can be a sign of gum bleeding.

4. Receding gum line

As gum disease progresses, the gumline may start to recede, making the teeth appear longer.

5. Loose teeth

If your gum diseases becomes advanced then it might lead to loose teeth. This may also make your teeth shift from its position.

Treatment: How to stop Gum Bleeding

1. Improved oral hygiene

The first line of defence is maintaining proper oral care. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush while brushing. Switch to a fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth twice a day. Also, remember to floss once a day to ensure all-round cleaning.

2. Regular dental check-ups

Show up for your regular dentist appointments for professional cleanings and check-ups. Early detection and intervention can prevent gum disease from progressing.

3. Gentle brushing technique

If you have gum bleeding issue or if you wamt to prevent it, then make sure you do not bursh aggressively. Use a gentle circular motion while brushing your teeth and avoid harsh scrubbing.

4. Saltwater rinses

Use lukewarm salt water to rinse your mouth. This will reduce inflammation and promote healing.

5. Quit smoking

Smoking can aggravate gum problems so quitting can significantly improve gum health.

6. Manage stress

High-stress levels can weaken the immune system, making you more susceptible to gum infections.

Upgrade your oral care regime with makeO toothsi

With gum bleeding being a common concern nowadays, it is essential to upgrade our oral care routine and adapt to more innovative and effective solutions. makeO toothsi is one of the fastest-growing oral care brands in the country that uses technology and innovation to introduce India to a futuristic oral care approach. Our electric toothbrush and smart water flosser are revolutionising dental care, helping you achieve a healthier smile. Let us give you a quick insight into the product details.

  • Electric toothbrush: makeO's smart electric toothbrush is designed with precision bristles and advanced technology to clean your teeth effectively without causing harm to the gums. It comes with 5 brushing modes, a 2-minute timer and a 30-second reminder to switch sides. It oscillates at 40,000 vibrations per minute to ensure plaque removal, reducing the risk of bleeding gums.
  • Smart water flosser: The makeO smart water flosser uses a targeted water jet to clean between your teeth and along the gum line, where traditional flossing might miss. This helps in preventing gum disease and bleeding gums.

By upgrading your oral care regime with makeO toothsi, you can prevent bleeding gums and other dental woes effectively, ensuring a confident and healthy smile.


How can I prevent bleeding gums?

Regular dental check-ups, proper oral hygiene and avoiding aggressive brushing can help prevent bleeding gums.

Is bleeding gums a sign of a severe dental issue?

Bleeding gums can be a sign of gum disease, which, if left untreated, can lead to more severe dental problems like periodontitis and tooth loss.

Can vitamin supplements help with bleeding gums?

If your bleeding gums are due to a vitamin deficiency, your dentist may recommend vitamin supplements. However, it is advisable to not take any supplements without consulting your doctor.

Can I use mouthwash to treat bleeding gums?

While mouthwash can provide temporary relief, it is not a substitute for proper oral care. It's best to use mouthwash in combination with brushing and flossing.

Are electric toothbrushes suitable for sensitive teeth and gums?

Absolutely! makeO toothsi's Electric Toothbrushes are designed to be gentle yet effective, making them suitable for people with sensitive teeth and gums.

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